Some employees mistakenly believe that when they take, they are guaranteed an unchanged job when they return. That’s not true.
What thepromises is that employees who take protected leave will be returned to the same or an equivalent job. Plus, if circumstances have changed and the employer has eliminated or altered the job for legitimate business reasons unrelated to FMLA leave, the employee may be out of luck.
Someone who takes FMLA leave doesn’t enjoy greater job protection from reorganizations, downsizing or other legitimate business moves than other employees have.
Recent case: Paula Crawford suffered from post-traumatic stress disorder caused in part by a co-worker’s suicide. Work stress was another factor. Then she had surgery to remove her gall bladder and needed several FMLA leaves.
After returning from one leave, she was reassigned to another job. Her employer’s reason: It had determined that her old job was no longer necessary. Crawford’s new job afforded her the same pay and benefits she had before.
She sued anyway, alleging interference with her reinstatement rights under the FMLA.
The court disagreed, pointing out that the jobs were roughly equivalent. Although Crawford considered the new position a detour from her chosen career path, that wasn’t enough to sue under the FMLA. Plus, the court didn’t see the move to eliminate her old job as anything except a business decision unrelated to FMLA leave. (Crawford v. JPMorgan, No. 2:10-CV-258, SD OH, 2012)
- How to Fire an Employee the Legal Way: 6 Termination Guidelines
- 12 weeks? 26? 38? Counting time off when caregiver leave and FMLA overlap
- Spell out FMLA rules before worker is eligible
- Not sure employee is eligible for FMLA leave? Play it safe and assume she is
- Wife's pregnancy complications warrant granting FMLA leave