It may seem clear to you that an employee with a minor medical problem isn’t eligible for. But that doesn’t mean the employee won’t sue if you turn down her leave request.
That’s why you must be prepared to explain your decision.
Note: It’s worth remembering that there is personal liability forviolations, so don’t make the decision lightly, either. Know your responsibilities under the law—and insist that all the managers in your organization follow the law.
Recent case: Linda Satterwhite worked for a Walmart retail store until she was fired for poor attendance. The problem: She followed her doctor’s instructions to not go to work until a staph infection in her finger healed. Satterwhite has diabetes, which impairs healing, and her doctor was worried that if she returned to work too early, she might become infected again.
Satterwhite had requested FMLA leave, but her request was denied and she was fired. She sued.
The court said her case will go to trial. Walmart will have to show that she didn’t have a serious health condition, which may be difficult without a medical certification. (Satterwhite v. Wal-Mart, No. 5:11-CV-363, ED NC, 2012)
Final note: The safest approach is to always request a medical certification before denying an FMLA request, even if you are sure the employee doesn’t have a serious health condition. If the certification comes out as you suspect, then deny the request. If you don’t agree with the certification, you can request—and pay for—a second opinion. If the two opinions don’t agree, you can get a third, tie-breaking assessment.
The simple act of getting certifications protects you from later claims that you violated the FMLA by rejecting the request.
- Cutting an employee's pay is perfectly legal, but first review his potential for a bias lawsuit
- OK to fire worker who has taken FMLA leave--but you had better be prepared to explain why
- Workers on military leave? Take obligations seriously
- Don't be an FMLA mind reader; demand notice
- Serious illness, not just its symptoms, triggers FMLA