When employees lose their jobs, they often look for a reason to sue. After all, they have little to lose.
One common tactic is to argue that a layoff was used as an excuse to get rid of “unproductive” employees, especially those who take advantage of their right to.
That’s why HR must develop a performance-appraisal system that documents that having takenleave wasn’t a factor when you evaluated employees’ work. That may require adjusting yearly goals, sales quotas and task-completion rates based on the time lost to FMLA leave.
The objective is to create a clear paper trail showing that you took care to make sure no one considered FMLA leave as a negative performance factor.
It helps to work with the employee at evaluation time so you can jointly arrive at a fair evaluation that doesn’t penalize the employee for taking leave.
Recent case: Thomas Palmer worked for Harvey Gerstman Associates. When he underwent quadruple bypass surgery, he was out on FMLA leave for about two months. He returned with no restrictions except a temporary ban on more than six hours of work per day.
At evaluation time, Palmer’s supervisor wanted to use a recent audit of a store Palmer had managed as a negative factor. When Palmer pointed out that the audit unfairly covered events that happened when he was off work, his supervisor reconsidered. The audit was not used. Still, Palmer scored a 3.0 for the year.
Palmer lost his job in a layoff based on his score and a co-worker’s score of 4.0. He sued, alleging retaliation.
But the court tossed out the case. It reasoned that the company hadn’t used FMLA leave as a negative factor at all. (Palmer v. Harvey Gerstman Associates, No. 1:09-CV-01883, MD PA, 2011)
- How to Fire an Employee the Legal Way: 6 Termination Guidelines
- 10 Secrets to an Effective Performance Review
- Don't change termination reason after the fact
- Make sure employees--and bosses and HR--know exactly how to call in FMLA absences
- Carefully document discipline after FMLA leave
- Federal court makes it tougher for employees to prove retaliation