Age-discrimination worry: Is it legal to ask 63-year-old about his retirement plans? — Business Management Daily: Free Reports on Human Resources, Employment Law, Office Management, Office Communication, Office Technology and Small Business Tax Business Management Daily
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Age-discrimination worry: Is it legal to ask 63-year-old about his retirement plans?

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in Discrimination and Harassment,Human Resources

Q. We have a long-time employee who will accumulate the necessary points under our retirement program to become fully vested in his retirement benefit on his next birthday, which is in April. At that time, the employee will be 63 years old. He has not talked about how long he intends to continue working or his plan for retirement with our management team, which is concerned about having enough time to transition the employee’s work in the event that he abruptly retires. Can we ask this employee about his retirement plans without creating a claim of age discrimination? (Of course, the employee is also having performance issues, and management would prefer that he retire upon vesting in the retirement program.)

A. Yes. It is perfectly acceptable to ask employees about their plans for retirement. The employee’s anticipated vesting under your retirement plan presents a fine opportunity to broach this topic in a respectful way with the employee.  

Your management team should not, however, ask the employee to retire as part of that discussion, or otherwise place pressure on the employee to retire.

Repeatedly asking employees about retirement plans in a short period of time has been viewed by some courts as an effort to pressure older workers to retire, as have suggestions that if the employee does not retire he may be discharged for performance.


Susan K. Fitzke and Sarah J.Gorajski are shareholders, advising clients out of Littler Mendelson’s Minneapolis office. Contact them at (612) 630-1000 or send email to Susan at and Sarah at To submit your question to Minnesota Employment Law, email it to


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