Russell Strickland left work early because his diabetes acted up and affected his vision. Strickland claimed he told his manager and another employee why he was leaving. But the manager said no one was informed. Strickland was fired for insubordination and walking off the job.
Strickland sued, claiming the company violated his rights under theAct ( ).
A lower court ruled that because Strickland had not exhausted his paid leave time, he was not entitled to protection under the FMLA. But the 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals reversed the ruling. (Strickland v. Water Works, No. 99-14103, 11th Cir., 2001)
An employee may choose, or a company may require him, to substitute paid leave for any part of the 12 weeks that FMLA guarantees. But if he uses paid leave during that time, that doesn't mean the employee forfeits his. The time is simply running concurrently.
Advice: Requiring accrued leave to run concurrently withis one of the ways you can stem abuse of the law.
Another key point: The burden is on you to determine if leave qualifies under the FMLA. If Strickland did tell the manager he was leaving work because of his diabetes, he would be entitled to reinstatement under the FMLA even though he didn't mention the law specifically.
When an employee tells you that he needs to take unforeseeable leave, it's up to you to decide whether the leave meets the standard for protection. Remember, you can request medical certification for each request for leave due to a serious health condition.
For other tips on stopping, get our fact sheet, Wipe out fraud and abuse under FMLA. To have a copy faxed to you, call (800) 543-2055. To get it via e-mail, send a message to firstname.lastname@example.org with "Wipe out FMLA fraud" in the subject line.
- Train supervisors to refer potential FMLA leave requests to HR
- If you have doubts about FMLA eligibility, don't hesitate to seek a second medical opinion
- Ask on-Leave employees to tell you when they'll return
- Be sure 'Shared' employees don't put you over FMLA limit
- Isn't there a California state program that covers paid family leave?