For many managers, the clock is their biggest adversary. Finding enough time in the day to complete every necessary project can be difficult. But the old adage of “work smarter, not harder” is based on the concept of managing the minutes in your day more efficiently.
Here are six tips to help you work toward that goal:
1. Create quiet times. Essentially, this is time when you block out all interruptions. Inform your staff that a certain time, say 2 p.m. to 3 p.m., is off-limits except for emergency questions. Or you can set aside quiet times on a case-by-case basis by posting something on your door. Chances are, if you create quiet times, your staffers will solve problems on their own more efficiently.
If quiet times aren’t an option, you can break away from interruptions by finding an empty office.
2. Handle paper only once. Productivity experts agree that the number one way to save time is to handle each piece of paper only once. If you pick up a piece of mail, deal with it right there. Act on it! Either toss it in the trash, file it for future reference in the appropriate place or hand it off.
If you read a memo, report or article and then hold it to deal with it later, you’re wasting time. The exception: when you put it in a reading file for those times when you’re waiting at an airport and have time to kill. If you’re not saving it for an otherwise wasted time, act on it immediately.
The same is true with e-mail and voice mail. When you read or listen to it, decide right then and there what to do with it. Don’t save it for a later date; that creates more work in the long run.
3. Limit the length of interruptions Be honest with employees or co-workers who stop to chat or run on too long at a meeting. Don’t expect them to pick up on your subtle cues—like a door half shut or your frazzled look—that you’re on a tight deadline. State clearly that “I have to finish this project by noon; can we discuss this problem right after?”
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4. Create a time log. Jot down what you do all day, in increments of 15 minutes, for a week or two. You’re looking for patterns of waste, interruptions that can be halted and tasks that can be delegated. This will help identify inefficiencies in your day.
Those informal conversations with co-workers can be valuable, but if they’re taking five hours out of your workweek, that’s more than 12 percent of your time! For time-management masters, a time log will help you further identify areas to curb.
5. Do what’s most important. Time management isn’t just doing more; it’s doing what’s important. Jotting down what you have to do isn’t enough, especially if it’s scattered on sticky notes.
You also need more than a list of what needs to be done. The most important part of time management is identifying what’s important: to you, your boss, your staff and the organization. Use that to decide what to tackle, and do it when you have your best boost of energy, such as first thing in the morning.
6. Stop working in crisis mode. If it seems like you’re always putting out fires, here are some tips to stop that cycle:
- Set realistic deadlines. Many crises occur because people rush through their work to make tight deadlines. So, when you’re involved in setting time frames for big projects, add a cushion to allow for emergencies that will inevitably arise.
- Prevent recurring ‘emergencies.’ If you encounter the same emergencies over and over, find a way to fix them for good. If an employee keeps making the same mistake, hold him or her accountable with a progressive-discipline deadline. If a vendor keeps getting your order wrong, start searching for a new vendor.
- Let employees solve the problem. Your job as manager isn’t to dive in and automatically take over the moment a crisis occurs. It’s usually best to guide employees to their own solutions. If you give them the opportunity to fix a problem, they’ll learn how to stave off problems in the future.
There’s no single magic bullet that will erase your work-related stress. Instead, a series of little steps—like the ones listed in Control the Chaos—can work even better. Dozens of easy-to-use strategies will help you:
- Speed through today’s – and every day’s – to-do list
- Organize your day to carve out more personal time
- Boost teamwork without spending money
- Learn secrets for NEVER missing deadlines or details
- Use mental training techniques to stay in top form
- Handle this morning’s e-mail and voice messages in less than 10 minutes
- Learn how to say “no” and still delight your boss
- Delegate more effectively to improve your own job performance
- Use creative thinking to put out fires faster and easier
- Keep difficult colleagues from sabotaging your priorities
- Recruit allies throughout your company to help control the chaos
- And much more!