If an employer denies legitimate
Recent case: Frank Farrell suffers from diabetes, eczema, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, emphysema and bronchitis. As a result, he regularly missed work. Farrell was eligible for leave and requested time off. His employer denied some of the request.
As a result, Farrell said he began suffering psychological problems—adjustment disorder, anxiety and depression. He said those conditions caused him to miss still more work.
Farrell sued and a jury awarded him $1,110 in lost wages for the “days of work that he missed because of stress or other mental problems resulting from the wrongful denial of FMLA leave.”
His employer appealed, admitting that it had wrongly denied Farrell FMLA leave and that the denial caused mental distress. It denied, however, that the FMLA authorizes compensation for mental distress.
The 9th Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the jury award. It said that employees who miss work because their employers denied them legitimate FMLA leave are entitled to those lost wages. (Farrell v. Tri-County Metropolitan Transportation District, No. 06-35484, 9th Cir., 2008)
Final note: It’s too early to tell whether this decision will open the litigation floodgates. It’s easy to imagine, though, how attorneys might manipulate the ruling. What if a mother who has been wrongly denied leave to take her child to the doctor for a serious health condition says she has been so traumatized she can’t work for a month? Will she sue for those lost wages? The possibilities are numerous. We’ll have to wait and see.
- How to Fire an Employee the Legal Way: 6 Termination Guidelines
- Create an anti-discrimination action plan now
- OK to lay off worker who took FMLA leave as long as that's not a factor in the decision
- DOL issues new FMLA rules; time to review your policies
- Don't force FMLA leave unless health condition is serious