THE LAW. Pre-employment tests are an effective tool to discover applicant's skills or abilities that can't be gleaned from an application or interview. And measuring ability and personality can improve your company's productivity, while lowering the chances of work-related accidents and lawsuits.
But such testing does carry some big risks: Unless you demonstrate that you are measuring job-related qualities and that your tests fulfill a business necessity, you could expose your company to a discrimination charge.
Both federal and state laws impose numerous restrictions on testing. In the 1970s, several federal agencies banded together to create uniform guidelines on employee selection procedures. These nonbinding guidelines set standards for test design, validation and security. They still apply today to both government and private-sector employers.
In 1988, the Employee Polygraph Protection Act banned lie detector ...(register to read more)