The report, titled “American Experiences Versus American Expectations,” is based on data collected through annual EEO-1 surveys, which capture employment data on employees’ race and ethnicity, gender and job categories. The EEOC began conducting EEO-1 surveys in 1966.
The “American Experiences” report provides detailed data on the progress women and minorities have made over the last 50 years and the disparities that still exist. Key highlights include:
- In 1966, blacks, Hispanics and Asian-Americans each occupied fewer than 1% of senior-level positions. Since then, the participation rates for all three groups have increased by five to seven times.
- The participation rate of women in professional work has skyrocketed from roughly 14% in 1966 to more than 53% in 2013.
Minorities generally remain concentrated in lower-paying positions:
- In 2013, Hispanics comprised 20.5% of service employees and 29.2% of laborers, yet occupied only 5.7% of professional and 7.4% of managerial positions.
- Blacks comprised 23.3% of service workers and 18.7% of laborers, yet represented only 7.6% of professionals and 6.8% of managers.