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Basics of the FMLA: 7 steps to total compliance

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in Employment Law,FMLA Guidelines,Hiring,Human Resources,Leaders & Managers,Performance Reviews

The Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (FMLA) entitles eligible employees to take up to 12 weeks per year of unpaid leave for their own “serious health condition” or to care for a spouse, child or parent with a serious health condition. Leave is available for childbirth or adoption.

The law covers employers that have 50 or more employees working within a 75-mile radius of the “worksite.” To be eligible for FMLA leave, employees must have:

  • Worked for the covered employer for at least 12 months (but not necessarily 12 continuous months).
  • Worked at least 1,250 hours during the 12 months leading up to the start of the FMLA leave.

Employees may take leave in one of two ways: a 12-week block of time or intermittent leave while recuperating or suffering from chronic conditions.

Employers can request medical certification of the need for leave before approving it.

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