Q. What is the difference between a right-to-work state and a non-right-to-work state such as Pennsylvania?
A. Most collective bargaining agreements contain union security provisions, which require all employees in the unit represented by the union to pay dues to the union whether they want to join it or not.
In right-to-work states, union security agreements are prohibited, meaning that employees cannot be compelled to join a union or pay union dues as a condition of employment. In non-right-to-work states, like Pennsylvania, union security agreements are permissible.