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Local governments in Michigan can, and sometimes do, legislate their own rules for employers within their jurisdictions. For example, several municipalities have living-wage laws stipulating higher pay than the state minimum wage ($7.15 per hour as of July 1, 2007):

Lansing: The city’s living-wage law mandates a wage of 125 percent of the federal poverty rate.

Ingham County: County employees and contractors with contracts of at least $50,000, as well as subcontractors performing at least $25,000 of work for the county, must pay their workers 125 percent of the federal poverty rate, with 20 percent of remuneration allocated toward health benefits.

Taylor: Contractors and subcontractors working on city contracts of $50,000 or more must pay their workers 100 percent of the federal poverty rate with health benefits, or 125 percent of the rate without insurance.

Southfield: Contractors and subcontractors working on city contracts of $50,000 or more, or any employers receiving a tax abatement, must pay their workers 100 percent of the federal poverty rate with health benefits, or 125 percent of the rate without health insurance.

Washtenaw County: Contractors doing more than $10,000 worth of business with the county must pay workers on those contracts $9.87 per hour if they offer health benefits, or $11.58 per hour if they don’t.

Pittsfield Township: Contractors doing more than $10,000 worth of business with the township and those receiving tax breaks, grants and loans from Pittsfield must pay workers on those contracts $9.88 per hour if they offer health benefits, or $11.58 per hour if they don’t.

Eastpointe: Employers receiving service contracts or tax incentives of at least $5,000 must pay their employees a wage equal to 100 percent of the federal poverty rate for a family of four if they provide health benefits, or 125 percent if they don’t.

Ann Arbor: Contractors doing more than $10,000 worth of business with the city and those receiving tax breaks, grants and loans from Ann Arbor must pay workers on those contracts $9.91 per hour with health benefits, or $11.48 per hour if they don’t offer the insurance.

Ferndale: Contractors doing more than $25,000 worth of business with the township and those receiving tax breaks, grants and loans from Ferndale must pay workers on those contracts $8.50 per hour if they offer health benefits, or $9.75 per hour if they don’t.

Warren: Contractors doing more than $10,000 worth of business with the township and those receiving tax breaks, grants and loans from Warren must pay workers on those contracts $9.88 per hour with health benefits, or $11.58 per hour without benefits.

Bans on sexual orientation discrimination

In addition, several Michigan cities have ordinances banning discrimination against gay, lesbian and transgender employees:

Ann Arbor: Employers with five or more employees may not discriminate against employees based on their sexual orientation. Violators face fines of $500 upon conviction. The city can fine contractors for each day they aren’t in compliance.

Detroit: All employers, regardless of size, may not discriminate based on sexual orientation. The Detroit Human Rights Commission may grant injunctive relief to aggrieved employees.

Flint: The city has a general policy protecting employees from discrimination based on sexual orientation.

Grand Rapids: The city has a general policy protecting employees from discrimination based on sexual orientation.

Ypsilanti: Employers with five or more employees may not discriminate against employees based on their sexual orientation. Violators face fines of $500 upon conviction.

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Excerpted from Michigan’s 10 Most Critical Employment Laws, a special bonus report available to subscribers of HR Specialist: Michigan Employment Law.

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