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Ohio Minor Labor Law

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The Ohio Minor Labor Law prohibits employers from hiring minors under age 16 for several types of work:

  • Manufacturing and warehouse occupations (except office and clerical work).
  • Public messenger services.
  • Work in freezers, meat coolers and all preparation of meats for sale (except wrapping, sealing, labeling, weighing, pricing and stocking).
  • Transportation, storage, communications, public utilities, construction and repair.
  • Work in boiler or engine rooms; maintenance or repair of machinery.
  • Outside window washing from windowsills, scaffolding, ladders or their substitutes.
  • Cooking, baking, operating, setting up, adjusting, cleaning, oiling or repairing power-driven food slicers, grinders, food choppers, cutters or baker-type mixers.
  • Loading or unloading goods to and from trucks, railroad cars or conveyers.
  • Work with cars and trucks involving pits, racks or lifting apparatus.
  • Inflation of tires mounted on rims equipped with a removable retaining ring.
  • For-profit door-to-door employment (unless the employer is registered with the Ohio Division of Labor & Worker Safety).

Hours of work for minors

Minors ages 14 and 15.When school is in session, they may not work before 7 a.m. or after 7 p.m.; more than three hours on any school day; more than 18 hours in any school week. Exception: Minors may work during school hours as part of a bona fide vocational training program. When school isn’t in session, they may not work before 7 a.m. or after 9 p.m. or more than eight hours a day or more than 40 hours per week.

Minors ages 16 and 17. When school is in session, they may not work before 7 a.m. or after 11 p.m. Sunday through Thursday. When school isn’t in session, they have no restrictions on working hours.

Prohibited occupations for minors under age 18

All minors under 18 years of age are prohibited from working in:

  • Slaughtering, meatpacking, process rendering.
  • Operation of power-driven slicers; bakery machines; paper product machines; metal forming, punching or shearing machines; circular and band saws; guillotine shears; woodworking machines.
  • Manufacture of brick, tile and kindred products.
  • Manufacture and storage of chemicals or explosives, or exposure to radioactive and ionizing radiation substances.
  • Mining.
  • Logging and sawmilling.
  • Motor vehicle, railroad, maritime and longshoreman occupations.
  • Excavation operations, wrecking and demolition.
  • Power-driven and hoisting apparatus equipment.
  • Roofing operations.

The Wage and Hour Bureau in the Ohio Department of Commerce administers the child labor law. For further information, visit http://wagehour.com.state.oh.us/w3/webwh.nsf?Opendatabase.

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Excerpted from Ohio’s 10 Most Critical Employment Laws, a special bonus report available to subscribers of HR Specialist: Ohio Employment Law.

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