Sex discrimination and sexual harassment are illegal under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act. The law requires that employers treat male and female workers equally in all terms and conditions of employment.
That means not only paying and promoting women on the same terms and conditions as men, but also meting out punishment equally. That was the issue in this case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court:
In Desert Palace v. Costa, 123 S. Ct. 2148 (2003), the court’s unanimous decision made it much easier for all workers to prove allegations that their employers discriminated against them because of race, sex, national origin, color, religion or disability. The court concluded that direct evidence of discrimination isn’t necessary: Workers can rely on circumstantial evidence.
Catherina Costa, the plaintiff, operated forklifts and pallet jacks in a warehouse owned and operated by Caesar’s Palace Hotel (formerly Desert Palace) in La...(register to read more)