Employers have the right to demand a drug-free workplace, but employees also have reasonable rights to privacy. That’s why drug testing and substance abuse prevention programs carry legal risks if they’re not managed properly.
One out of every 12 U.S. workers is using illegal drugs, according to a recent study by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Inevitably, some of those workers will come to work drunk or high and be a threat to the workplace.
Even more shocking may be the rates of drug use by profession. About 4% of teachers and social workers admitted to illegal drug use; among construction workers, more than 15%. The highest rate of illegal drug use occurs in the restaurant sector, with 17.4% of full-time employees using drugs.
According to Quest Diagnostics, 3.7% of employee drug tests in 2013 came out positive, up from 3.5% in 2012. That’s the first year when positive-test percenta...(register to read more)