To focus on the best applicants, many employers turn to personality tests. Twenty years of research seem to support their decision. After all, research has established definitive links between specific personality traits and various aspects of job performance. Take note, though, that for purposes of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals has ruled that personality tests that screen for mental illness are likened to medical exams, and therefore, are illegal to administer to employees/applicants.
Court "research" results: The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) is designed, at least in part, to reveal mental illness. Because of this, the Seventh Circuit ruled that the test amounted to a medical examination. Since the ADA prohibits employers from conducting medical examinations that screen for mental illness, the court ruled that using the MMPI violated the ADA...(register to read more)