The Supreme Court has agreed to hear the pay discrimination lawsuit everyone is watching.
The High Court on Dec. 6 agreed to hear Walmart's appeal of a 9th Circuit Court of Appeals ruling that allowed a class-action suit alleging widespread discrimination against women to proceed.
At stake: potentially $1 billion or more if the case goes forward and a court decides the company illegally discriminated against female employees.
The class of potential plaintiffs includes more than 1.5 million past and current female Walmart employees. It is the largest pay-bias class action ever.
The plaintiffs in the case—Dukes v. Wal-Mart—say lack of training and promotion opportunities means women who work at Walmart earn 5% to 15% less than male employees.
The issue in Walmart’s appeal isn’t whether the company discriminated, but whether such a large group can band together in a class action.
The Supreme Court will hear the case in the spring, with a ruling likely in June.
The retail giant is hoping the Supreme Court can break a zero-for-three record in Dukes v. Wal-Mart. Before the 9th Circuit ruling, Walmart had already failed twice in attempts to have the class decertified, once at the district court level and once before a three-judge panel of the 9th Circuit.
Why this case is important: If the Supreme Court rules in the plaintiffs' favor, look for more supersized class-action lawsuits. Remember: While a lawsuit from one employee may cost you a few thousand dollars, a class-action suit on behalf of many employees could result in damages worth millions ... or more.