You probably don’t check up on most employees who call in sick because they do it infrequently and most likely are being truthful. However, every organization has its share of workers who abuse sick-leave policies.
About one-third of U.S. employees (32%) called in sick when they really weren’t in 2009, according to CareerBuilder’s annual survey of 4,700 workers.
Most employers take excuses at face value, but 29% of the 3,100 employers surveyed by CareerBuilder said they’ve checked up on an employee who called in sick. The tactics among those who check: 70% require the employee to show a doctor’s note; 52% called the employee at home; 18% had another worker call the employee; and 17% drove by the employee’s house.
No state or federal laws regulate how employers can handle workers who call in sick. Organizations have wide discretion to determine that employees are telling the truth. Even some heavily unionized employers have aggressive policies for checking up on sick workers.
But beware: Going too far to ferret out shirkers could invite discrimination and harassment claims, and unnecessarily damage morale.
Advice: Create a policy for checking on employees who call in ill. Here are six do’s and don’ts to keep in mind:
1. DO require sick employees to check in with a manager or supervisor every day, but only during work hours. Or have supervisors call sick employees at home each day during work hours. Be consistent with all employees.
2. DO insist on speaking to employees. If someone else answers the phone and says the worker isn’t available to talk, request that the employee call in as soon as possible. Take the same approach if you receive calls from another person on behalf of the sick worker.
3. DO make a surprise visit to the employee’s home if a worker doesn’t call in or won’t return calls within a reasonable period of time. If the employee isn’t home, you can later ask where the person was when you arrived. What if the worker claims to have visited the doctor or a drug store? Ask for a note, prescription receipt or other proof.
4. DON’T require sick workers to call supervisors upon leaving home and returning. Court decisions have ruled in favor of such a requirement but only in narrowly defined cases involving the . Applying the practice to all suspected sick-day abusers could tempt legal retaliation from employees, experts say.
5. DO know which absences are protected. Don’t check up on supposedly sick employees who you believe leave home to participate in protected activities such as voting or attending church.
6. DON’T have another employee call sick workers at home. Using peers in this manner can damage morale and the organization’s brand among potential employees.
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